Hanumangarh : Land of an ancient civilization
Carved out from Sriganganagar district and formally Created on 12th day of July, 1994 as 31st district of Rajasthan state. Hanumangarh district, situated at 29° 5' to 30° 6' North and 74° 3' to 75º 3' east, shares its boundaries with Haryana state in the east, Sriganganagar district in the west, Punjab state in the North and Churu district in the South. The geographical area of the district is 9656.09 Sq. Km. The climate of the district is semi-dry, extremely hot during the summer and extremely cold during winter. The maximum average temperature remains 18° to 48° and minimum average is 2° to 28° celcius. The average rainfall during the year is 225 to 300 mm.
The Hanumangarh district also has a significant place in the ancient history. The remains found at Kalibanga [Pilibanga] in 1951 reveal that this area was a part of nearly 5000 years old "INDUS VALLEY" civilization. The remains of human skeleton, unknown scripts, stamps, coins, utensils, jewellary, toys, statues, wells, bathrooms, fort, streets, markets etc., found in excavation tell the story of well developed life style of our ancestors. Besides Kalibanga, more than 100 other places are also there in the district where evidences of this old civilization have been found. The remains found at these places have been kept at Museum at Kalibanga and National museum at Delhi.
Earlier, Hanumangarh was known as "BHATNER". In year 1805, emperor Soorat Singh of Bikaner captured BHATNER after defeating Bhatis and as the day of his victory was Tuesday (known as the day of god "Hanuman"), he named BHATNER as "HANUMANGARH".